Forum Posts

ghaziseo144
Jun 26, 2022
In General Discussions
Here at 4-Style we believe that quality clothing should be available and affordable for everyone. We want to help you create a green, designer wardrobe without the hefty price tag. A wardrobe full of Burberry, Aquascutum, Versace, Ralph Lauren, Barbour, D&G, and Hugo Boss may sound like a very expensive dream but it can be a reality with 4-Style. We meticulously check our Preloved clothing for quality to ensure you are getting the very best quality and at the lowest possible prices. But it isn’t all about price. Fast, disposable fashion is over and recycling clothing is back. Top brand clothes are built to last and that’s why they are perfect for wearing again and again. It really is a win-win situation for you and for the environment. It couldn’t be easier, simply browse our website and decide which hand-picked, quality-checked garment would look great in your wardrobe. You’ll find that most of our prices are actually lower than the mainstream disposable fashion you can pick up on the high street. Thirteen million items of used but still wearable clothing goes to landfill every week in the UK. 4-Style is passionate about rescuing some of those vintage items and giving them a new lease of life. We know that quality, branded clothing can easily have up to three lifetimes of use. The fashion industry is changing and we’re at the forefront of that change, assisting you to make environmentally conscious fashion decisions and save money at the same time. Did you know that it takes 20,000 litres of water to manufacture one pair of jeans and one t-shirt? It would take the average person 13 years to drink that amount of water. Preloved shopping is about more than just rescuing clothing from landfill, it’s about preventing disposable fashion from ever being made. Being an environmentally savvy, preloved clothing connoisseur doesn’t mean making sacrifices. Fill your wardrobe with top brands such as Burberry, Aquascutum, or Hugo Boss and know that you’re making the right environmental decisions while spending a fraction of what you would buying new. Whether you’re in the market for a new-to-you coat, a smart shirt, a classy pair of shoes, fitted jeans, or a jumper, 4-Style is here for you. All the brands you love, at a price almost too good to be true. Every item we sell goes through a series of checks so you can be sure of the very best quality. Big name brand clothing is manufactured to exacting quality standards to ensure durability. Those who are serious about fashion cherish the clothes they own. Mass produced fashion means the same cut, colour, and design again and again. Not so with Preloved clothing. Many of our designer brands are limited-run items so you’ll be blazing a unique style every time you pick up a new-to-you item. If you’re looking to refresh your wardrive, reduce your carbon footprint and save money, then consider buying preloved fashion from 4-Style.
PRELOVED content media
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ghaziseo144
Jun 23, 2022
In General Discussions
Here at 4-Style we believe that quality clothing should be available and affordable for everyone. We want to help you create a green, designer wardrobe without the hefty price tag. A wardrobe full of Burberry, Aquascutum, Versace, Ralph Lauren, Barbour, D&G, and Hugo Boss may sound like a very expensive dream but it can be a reality with 4-Style. We meticulously check our preloved clothing for quality to ensure you are getting the very best quality and at the lowest possible prices. But it isn’t all about price. Vintage Fast, disposable fashion is over and recycling clothing is back. Top brand clothes are built to last and that’s why they are perfect for wearing again and again. It really is a win-win situation for you and for the environment. It couldn’t be easier, simply browse our website and decide which hand-picked, quality-checked garment would look great in your wardrobe. You’ll find that most of our prices are actually lower than the mainstream disposable fashion you can pick up on the high street. Thirteen million items of used but still wearable clothing goes to landfill every week in the UK. 4-Style is passionate about rescuing some of those vintage items and giving them a new lease of life. We know that quality, branded clothing can easily have up to three lifetimes of use. The fashion industry is changing and we’re at the forefront of that change, assisting you to make environmentally conscious fashion decisions and save money at the same time. Did you know that it takes 20,000 litres of water to manufacture one pair of jeans and one t-shirt? It would take the average person 13 years to drink that amount of water. Preloved shopping is about more than just rescuing clothing from landfill, it’s about preventing disposable fashion from ever being made. Being an environmentally savvy, preloved clothing connoisseur doesn’t mean making sacrifices. Fill your wardrobe with top brands such as Burberry, Aquascutum, or Hugo Boss and know that you’re making the right environmental decisions while spending a fraction of what you would buying new. Whether you’re in the market for a new-to-you coat, a smart shirt, a classy pair of shoes, fitted jeans, or a jumper, 4-Style is here for you. All the brands you love, at a price almost too good to be true. Every item we sell goes through a series of checks so you can be sure of the very best quality. Big name brand clothing is manufactured to exacting quality standards to ensure durability. Vintage Those who are serious about fashion cherish the clothes they own. Mass produced fashion means the same cut, colour, and design again and again. Not so with preloved clothing. Many of our designer brands are limited-run items so you’ll be blazing a unique style every time you pick up a new-to-you item. If you’re looking to refresh your wardrive, reduce your carbon footprint and save money, then consider buying preloved fashion from 4-Style.
VINTAGE content media
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ghaziseo144
Jun 15, 2022
In Untitled category
This is a special report that is provided for homeowners HIU replacement who are seeking a better understanding about the purchase and installation of replacement windows. It guides you in selecting the right windows for you, to ultimately purchasing your windows, and arranging for their installation. Included are other considerations important to your selection of the right window contractor. Energy loss costs you money! Recently, energy costs have skyrocketed and have become a major portion of your monthly home budget. Windows and doors happen to be the greatest single source of energy loss in the home; a very high percentage of heat is lost through the windows and doors. Becoming more energy efficient and replacing old windows is an intelligent and powerful way to decrease monthly utility bills while increasing your home's value. Replacing drafty, difficult to operate older windows with the newer thermally insulated windows, which have a Low E type glass (explained later in this report), can reduce your yearly energy bills by as much as 40%. Cost Vs. Value Let's get to the bottom line right up front. If you should be informed that, "Typically, new windows will pay for themselves in about 5 years," believe it; it's true. When it comes to window pricing, please keep in mind that the cheapest windows are rarely, if ever, the best choice. Depending on your situation, you may not elect to install the top-of-the-line window, but do choose a good quality window regardless. You don't want to choose a window that only looks good but won't save you much money on utility bills. Even if you only bought the home as an investment and are planning on "turning it" (selling it fast) for a quick profit, it is still best to buy quality windows that will last, and that come with a lifetime warranty. I can't tell you the number of people I come into contact with that suddenly decided to replace their windows only after they happened upon a special sale at their local building supply store. Typically, the low prices seen are for the bottom-of-the-line windows; those with little energy savings and a minimal warranty. It's no secret that some well-known manufacturers make three different grades of windows: a top, middle, and bargain line. In many instances, homeowners aren't able to find someone reputable to install those bargain windows. Professional installers do not care to be associated with an inferior product. Repair your old windows? It's unwise to put off the inevitable by attempting to repair your old windows. By doing so, little if any energy savings will be experienced, since the most you can really do easily is paint over them. However, once you replace your windows entirely, you'll be pleased that you decided not to repair them. Replacing windows will lower your energy bills immediately. In addition, the curb appeal and value of your home instantly increases with new windows installed. Replace them yourself or hire a contractor? For the novice, replacing some or all windows in the home is, in reality, more than a monumental task. Yes, you can certainly buy the windows and then install them yourself, but I wouldn't recommend it, let alone suggest it. Please, if you are not a seasoned window installer, don't tackle the job yourself. Would you be at ease removing the engine from your car and then installing a new one? No... and I wouldn't either. For the vast majority of homeowners, obtaining the services of a qualified, experienced, and state licensed window contractor is the best course of action. One very important detail to keep in mind is that if you replace them yourself, this will void your warranty in most cases. Also, should you measure incorrectly, drop, break, or damage your windows or the area supporting the windows, you would have an additional expense, instead of having your contractor merely replace or repair the damage at no additional cost to you. "Cost is actually the price you pay for your windows, including installation. Value is the return on your money in direct relation to that cost." Replacing windows. What's involved? There is much more to having windows replaced than one might initially think. Some homeowners are confused with all the specs such as U-Value, R-Value, air infiltration, etc. If you start listing, comparing, and creating pie-charts for all those values and numbers, it can become confusing very quickly. The solution to this is to simply ask if the window is energy star rated. If it is, you know the windows will meet the highest government standards. Don't settle for anything less. Now you're free to focus on some of the functional parts of the window. Be aware that a quality window has double locks and a minimum of 7/8" insulated glass for energy conservation. Now, depending on your preference - single hung or double hung windows - ask what mechanism is used to manipulate the sashes. The constant force coil spring balance system is the best choice because it incorporates a titanium coil and may be designed to last a lifetime. Ask if their windows have a spring and string method (known as block and tackle) or spiral metal balances. The spring and string mechanism can offer ease of operation whereas the spiral system rarely maintains its initial ease. If one of those strings should break, ask if it's replaced free of charge. The constant force coil spring balance system can come with a lifetime warranty. Keep in mind that a good quality hung window has sashes that tilt in, allowing you to clean both sides of the glass from the inside. You'll want this feature whether you're replacing first, second, or third floor windows. How much to budget... and getting a price. The first item for you, as a homeowner, to consider is a budget for new windows. This can become a significant factor in the ultimate choice of windows, as window prices will vary greatly. A concern may be that without having a window contractor come to your home and give you a price, you don't really know just how much to budget. For now, it's best to focus on what you want from new windows: energy savings, aesthetics, ease of use, and ease of cleaning all seem to be primary concerns. Decide exactly how many windows you wish to replace, if not all. Consider the look and style of your present windows and determine whether you want to replace them with a newer style and type, or keep the same style but simply upgrade to the newer, more energy efficient windows. Every home is unique. After years of enduring weather changes, no two homes are really the same. Many factors must be considered in order to give an accurate price for window installation. Without seeing your present windows, there is no way to receive an accurate price for replacement. For example, removing a steel window from a masonry opening is much more difficult than extracting a wood double hung from a stud opening. Plus, many homes may have windows with surrounding wood damage that needs to be replaced or simply updated before a new window can be installed. Having someone physically view your existing windows removes all questions in the evaluation, allows for accurate pricing, and provides you with all the information you need to establish your budget for the replacement windows. Having a qualified window contractor sit down with you and give you pricing is the next step. Make sure you inquire about financing. Some contractors offer in-house financing with no payments or interest for up to one full year. But before inviting a contractor to your home, make sure the visit will be at no cost or obligation whatsoever. The reputable window contractor will agree to this readily, without hesitation, and proceed to set a mutually agreeable appointment time. Once the contractor arrives, after the introductions, immediately state clearly the results you want from your new windows. Relay how many windows you are considering replacing, show the windows to be replaced, and then ask what brand, type, and style windows would be best for your situation. Make sure you go over different options and state clearly the results you want from your new windows. If you have questions, now is the time to speak up. Take as much time as you need. After all, you're the one considering and ultimately paying to have new windows installed. Another important aspect of hiring someone to replace your windows is the need to feel comfortable in their presence. If you're not comfortable with them now, you won't be comfortable later. Also, consider that the contractor will have their installers working in and around your home, your castle. You'll certainly want to feel at ease about letting them work there. Ask who exactly will be doing the installing. If they do not know or hedge answering this question, it may be a signal that you're dealing with "Chuck on a truck," and perhaps not a very reputable company. I have window pricing, now what? When you have received a firm price from your window contractor, make sure these concerns have been completely addressed to your satisfaction: What type of warranty is included? Remember, obtaining a strong, written guarantee should be a mandatory when buying replacement windows. All vinyl window manufacturers should provide a lifetime warranty, as quality vinyl windows and doors are constructed to last a lifetime. The majority of wooden windows,with some form of exterior cladding, provide a ten year warranty. This does not mean vinyl is better, but wood simply does not last forever. The three heavy hitters in the wood window market are Marvin, Andersen, and Pella, all with a ten year warranty. Understand that there are nonprorated lifetime warranties, and pro-rated lifetime warranties. Nonprorated means the warranty will not depreciate over the course of the lifetime. Many "lifetime" warranties don't explain this, because they are in fact prorated, costing you additional money later down the line. Find out just how long the manufacturer has been making their windows. A lifetime warranty is no good should the manufacturer suddenly go out of business. Once confident the manufacturer is well established, ask how long the contractor has been replacing windows. Make sure they are licensed and insured. Being licensed and insured doesn't necessarily mean they're good, but it does give them accountability. How much and what type of maintenance is required? You should be told that your windows will be virtually maintenance free and that you will never need to scrape, paint, or stain your windows ever again. Should damage occur or repairs be necessary, how and HIU replacement when will repairs be completed? Any contractor worth their salt will be in position to address damage or repair concerns immediately and not have it take a week or two. How much will the new windows increase the value of your home? The answer will depend primarily on the quantity and quality of the windows you purchase. When making your decision.
WHY REPLACE YOUR WINDOWS AND WHAT TO LOOK FOR WHEN REPLACING YOUR WINDOWS content media
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ghaziseo144
Jun 12, 2022
In Untitled category
Fungus is something that fascinates and the many different types and varieties even more so. They are a plant species that grow without chlorophyll and, therefore, have no need for sunlight. That gives them many places to grow and thrive that is worth exploring. Among the most favourite types are those we eat. Yeast, for instance, is a fungus that we use in cooking and so are mushrooms. In the case of the letter we are somewhat addicted to them which explain why they can be quite expensive to purchase. Many of the species are poisonous and can be carried and spread by insects, animals and others. A fungus carried by a frog, for example, was imported into the Americas during the period of the 1930's to the 1950's to test if women are pregnant was released into the wild and the result is the loss of hundreds of species of frogs and even salamanders worldwide. That alone shows that by introducing species from one continent to another has often resulted in devastating effects on the local fauna. The Cane Toad introduced into Australia at around the same time is having a disastrous effect on the local wildlife as it is deadly poison. Molds, smuts, rusts, mildew and yeast all fall into the category of fungus. While we know the danger of most of these when we come in contact it is the mushrooms that people tend to take the most risk with. Magic mushrooms, for instance, found in wooded areas in Australia, give the user a high similar to other drugs. Under the influence of that variety, however, many have performed Ukmagicmushrooms outrageous acts and even killed themselves unintentionally. It is now prohibited to collect or possess them. Unless one knows what they are doing picking mushrooms from a field to eat is not a wise move. This was proven in Canberra in 1912 when a Chinese cook found some mushrooms that resembled one found in China. He served it in a dish prepared for some friends who were visiting from that country at the time. Unbeknown to him he had served them one of the most deadly of all fungus, the white cap mushroom. They died in agony in hospital some days later. Fungi have over 100,000 in the species and are no longer considered plants in the taxonomy studies. Their spores can survive in extreme temperatures and can be extremely destructive as we know from molds and things, especially in buildings. The safest way to deal with them is to avoid contact and to only buy them from safe suppliers and if tempted to pick them from a field the user should know what they are doing.
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ghaziseo144
Jun 12, 2022
In General Discussions
It is quite obvious that mobile working has integrated into all strata of the working community today. The easy accessibility and availability of mobiles encourages mobile working and highly-advanced mobile devices support the business operations and better mobile management. With the latest mobile coupled with workforce scheduling software now in the market, businesses can enjoy a greater degree of connectivity and control over personal and work lives compared to a decade or more ago. Today's technology has enabled modern businesses to better manage and schedule their mobile effectively and efficiently through mobile devices. Innovative solutions Progressive technology that produces better mobile is now applauded by businesses across the globe to enjoy innovative solutions that include improved mobile workforce scheduling software using HTML5 mobile app or threaded two-way SMS technology. It is usually quite a challenge to manage a mobile workforce without the right workforce scheduling software which can simplify the booking of appointment process. workforce management Intrinsic solutions include built-in scheduling software that integrates mobile devices to generate the best of workforce scheduling and planning. Such solutions bring on a host of benefits that include simplified appointment making through easy and user-friendly screens with drag and drop features. The confirmed scheduled appointments can be directed to the mobile devices of mobile workforce immediately for action. Intelligent workforce scheduling software is able to direct the best mobile worker for the best job at the best time with the right resources. Scheduling software is further enhanced to minimize travel time for the mobile workforce with an optimization of route on each job. Such scheduling software is designed to reschedule jobs around holidays and sick mobile workforce to gain higher productivity and service standards with customers. Increased productivity As mobile workforce scheduling software continues to be improved, the same advanced technology would produce compatible mobile devices that would integrate fully for the best support and results. Further improved mobile scheduling and management software is constantly researched, designed and welcomed by all parties involved. It is noted that business bottom lines and workforce productivity can increase as much as 25% through improved workforce management software. Such software is powered by state-of-the-art HTML5 mobile app that includes a wide range of mobile devices such as Androids, iPhones and iPads. Improved mobile workforce software on scheduling tasks and workforce can be activated via appropriate mobile devices available in the market to ensure a confirmed appointment and improved productivity.
USING MOBILE DEVICES TO SUPPORT IMPROVED MOBILE WORKFORCE MANAGEMENT content media
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ghaziseo144
Jun 11, 2022
In General Discussions
The whole world knows the UK loves its pets. The vast majority of UK residents greatly appreciate what animals have to offer humans. We love our animals from the horse to the tiniest kitten or puppy. Our respect for animals can be seen everywhere. There are many organisations set up for the protection of animals. In the UK almost every family has a pet and a dog is truly regarded as man's best friend. There is a huge demand for dogs throughout the UK. shiba inu uk for saleThe conventional procedure for obtaining a puppy was always from the local pet shop. However, even dog lovers are using the internet to swap ideas and keep pet owners informed. Dogs for sale in UK can also be found online. There is most certainly a wrong way and a right way when shopping online for a dog. Not only must you consider your own rights as a consumer but you must also be aware of the rights of the dogs on offer. Buying a dog online is a much greater responsibility than buying an inanimate object no matter how valuable. It is always good sense to make use of a website that is dedicated to dogs and their wellbeing. Any site or advert that does not convey concern for the animals and potential owners should be avoided. It is highly likely their primary objective is to make money without ensuring the dog on offer is a suitable match for the potential owner. If you want a specific breed then use the official website of that breeding association. You will have the assurance all the animals come from reputable breeders who take extremely good care of their dogs for sale. UK residents can feel at ease when using such a site because the breeders are bound by a code of ethics established to avoid the mistreatment of dogs. If you find a dog online you are interested in buying it is highly advisable you go and view the animal before paying. If you make use of unauthorised websites i.e. breeders who are not officially associated with any breeding association, you have the risk of getting a dog that is not in optimum health. You can't judge a dog's physical condition, mental performance, psychological level and character traits from an online picture. Never arrange to meet the breeder with the dog in any location other than the actual breeding environment. You want to see for yourself the environment is well managed and clean. If it's not up to standard there is no reason to believe that breeder has the best interests of the animals at heart. You must only deal with dog breeders who are reputable. A reputable breeder would want to be sure you understand how to care for the dog. He or she will also want to know if you have an environment that is suited to the breed you want. Before you pay for dogs for sale UK, the breeder must provide you with proof of necessary shots given by a vet and also information about what the dog was fed. You also want a written guarantee you are getting a healthy dog. The breed must be stated as well as the names and breeders of previous generations. You have every chance of finding the dog you want online.
SAFELY BUYING DOGS FOR SALE ONLINE content media
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ghaziseo144
Jun 11, 2022
In General Discussions
Have you ever experienced that you want to do something but you do not know the reason why? Actually you might not even know the reason why you followed an urge and found yourself in a great situation in doing something good. I believe that everything that is happening into our lives has its own reason. shiba inu puppy for sale uk I sometimes do not see the reason at the time of its occurrence, however upon reflecting back to those days I can link things and found its reasons. I have lots of problems, which I have encountered in my life and most of the time the only being who will lighten my burden is my pet dog, which I bought from a dogs for sale outlet near my place. I know that it was impractical to buy the breed of dog I wanted because of our busy household but I was not hesitant with my decision. My daughter loves to have a pet dog and most especially those cute and cuddly breed of dogs. Today we still have our long time hunting dog, who is in his senior years and my daughter loves him so much. Both my wife and I believe that we will not have him the rest of our lives and we do not know how to open this issue up to our daughter. My daughter was still ten years old at that time when she was attached with our hunting dog. One day when she came from her school she rushed to us telling that her classmate was allowed to have a cute and cuddly breed of puppy. A cute and cuddly puppy that was available at a dogs for sale place near our home. So my daughter begged both of us if we could get a visit the said dogs for sale store near our house. I told my daughter that her mother will only buy a dog if it was registered and we do not have any idea what breed of dog does the store has. The owner of the store and the shop itself are new to our place so we do not know them that well and if the puppies they try sell were good quality of puppies. My daughter still begged to pay a visit on the shop and because of her perseverance I promised her to see the store after lunch but I do not have any intention of buying a puppy at all. When we reached the place and saw those cute puppies my daughter suddenly cried and said that she wanted to have the cute puppy. I am aware that this situation may arise once my daughter will see the puppies available on the store. My daughter begged me to have her chosen puppy and I said that me and her mother were not yet prepared to add a new member of the family. Both of us were aware that the responsibility of having a dog is not that easy and it must be well planned but due to my daughters perseverance we were convinced to buy one.
ACCIDENTALLY BUYING A PUPPY AT A DOGS FOR SALE OUTLET content media
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ghaziseo144
Jun 04, 2022
In General Discussions
The news that the new country house for Rowan Atkinson has been approved by the Oxfordshire Planning Committee despite being recommended for refusal by the Authority's Planning Officers is in danger of raising again the rather tired debate about Modernism versus Classicism in the British countryside. But this is entirely the wrong debate. Dragging out the two old war horses onto the jousting fields of Middle England is displacement activity that takes the attention away from a more pressing, contemporary debate affecting Western culture more generally that could be aired if the war-horses could be put back in their stables for a while. Atkinson's planning consultant Terence O'Rourke is reported as describing the new proposals as 'a piece of 21st century high architecture'. I am not sure that this is a helpful or totally accurate description of the proposals. It is true that Atkinson's architect for the house, Richard Meier, brought over from the US to do this his first building in the UK, is a respected architect still practicing in the 21st century but the ideas that generate his work are firmly grounded in the early part of the last century. moving architecture The house could therefore equally be described as a piece of 20th century architecture or as a piece of 'Old Modernism'. Old Modernism The ideas that Meier still uses in 2010 were new in the 1920's and 30's when Le Corbusier and other early pioneers of the Modern Movement created an architecture that expressed the spirit of a generation coming out of the first world war. This generation rather naively thought that they could wipe clean the slate of history and build a brave new world. Corb's polemical articulation of that architecture was described in his famous 'Five Points for a New Architecture', first published as a series of articles in the journal he created, entitled 'L'Espirit Nouveau'. These five points set up powerful polemical dichotomies, purposefully disparaging of the old order; the new architecture was to stand elegantly above the ground on slender 'pilotis' (columns) instead of over damp and rat infested basements, the columned structure would create the 'Free plan' and supersede the limitations of heavy load-bearing structures with their awkward corners, lifting the buildings off the ground on pilotis would generate 'free ground' in the city to replace the congested streets. The structural frame would in addition to freeing up the plan create the 'free elevation' and the characteristic horizontal strip windows of the era. Finally, what Corb argued were the useless dark roof spaces associated with traditional pitched roofs could be replaced by the 'roof garden' the fifth of Le Corbusier's five points. The other dominant characteristic of this architecture that strangely does not get mentioned as one of the five points is that it is 'white'. The whiteness enabled this architecture to deny the materiality of the building's surfaces. The surfaces are thus seen as perfect abstractions, conceptual skins which seek to define potentially infinite space. The imperfections of a real material would undermine the quest for a pure statement of absolute space, and therefore material itself had to join those repressed aspects of architecture's reality. Of course those aspects of architecture's reality that in these five points were condemned by Le Corbusier did not go away. Indeed after the Second World War, Le Corbusier's own architecture took a radical change of direction. By the time he was designing Masions Jaoul in Paris the 1950's the five points had been abandoned. The piloti had disappeared, such that the buildings sat solidly on the ground. The houses were given load bearing structures, thereby limiting the effects of the 'free plan' and 'free elevation' and at the same time the roofs were vaulted thus denying the accessible 'roof garden'. Even the 'whiteness' that denied the buildings materiality had disappeared to be replaced by 'Beton brut', a new and extreme form of architectural materiality that seemed to be called from Le Corbusier's psyche to balance the earlier denial. The Young Old Guard: Although we can see that Le Corbusier was able to move on from the extreme polemic of early modernism, the seeds of the architectural language that he had helped to create had been sown and were later to be picked up uncritically by a new generation. Richard Meier was part of that new generation. He emerged as one of a group of young architects working in New York in the 1960's who came to international attention in 1967 following an exhibition of their work at the Museum of Modern Art organized by Arthur Drexler and later published in a book featuring the work of 'The New York Five'; Peter Eisenman, Michael Graves, Charles Gwathmey, John Hejduk and Richard Meier. At that time this group to some extent shared the reductive language of the early modern movement but although some were later to move into new territory, Meier held the line. "If I cannot be Le Corbusier, then I can be Richard Meier", I seem to recall him saying in the early days of his career, and in a recent letter to the Oxfordshire Planning Department he is now clearly claiming the territory as his own, "Whiteness is one of the characteristic qualities of my work....". It is now seventy or eighty years since the stripped, architectural language of modernism first surfaced on the mainland of Europe. To some extent it has since then been assimilated by contemporary culture. In the commercial world, the steel and glass tower is now the established form for corporate headquarters in our cities but with a few notable exceptions on the domestic front its authority is less evident. In the domestic world modernism has been largely limited to the styling of kitchens or bathroom interiors, it has rarely been allowed onto the High Street. The question that needs to be asked is why the assimilation of modernism has been so partial and why does this reductive architecture continue to provoke such vehement reactions; the planning officer's in their recommendation to refuse planning permission for Rowan Atkinson's house branded the scheme an "ugly space age petrol station." Such inarticulate sentiments are a damning indictment of the British planning system; but if we can forgive them their childlike outbursts it surely indicates, just as with The Prince of Wales' 'Carbuncle' and 'Police Academy' comments, a discomfort with something that they are unable to put accurately into words. Let me see if I can help them.
21ST CENTURY HIGH ARCHITECTURE OR JUST HUNDRED YEAR OLD MODERNISM content media
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ghaziseo144
Jun 04, 2022
In General Discussions
Museum of things found at city dumps It is history of Kiev in the collection of waste things. The museum is located in the plant for processing recycled materials. The exhibition includes everything that was found in city dumps during seventy years. There are so many items now that it is not enough space inside the plant and some of exhibits are stored outdoors. It is interesting to see what people throw away, when freeing their "old wives' coffers". guillotine door Here can be found a record player made back in the beginning of the 20th century, instruments for tortures used by police a hundred years ago, a statuette of the world strongest man Ivan Poddubny produced in 1905, an old samovar, cannon shots and shells used during World War I, old sleds, an antique device for processing hemp, a baby stroller, dolls and children's sliders used in 1920s, prototype of vacuum cleaner, old rural carts, wooden plows and antique carpentry tools, the first hairdryer made in Germany in early 1900s, scissors and antique device for shaving, radios, cameras, and even antique icons. The pride of the museum is a collection of 40 different statues of Lenin, one of them is 7 meters high, it stands in the yard. Next to it there is another Lenin who looks absolutely the same, but in miniature. Museum of toilets Founded in 2007, it is a unique museum in Europe. Total number of various toilet bowls and seats exhibited in the museum is about three hundred. In the museum there is a guardhouse with lavatory pan that looks similar to a barrel. It was meant for prisoners. For the punished sailors this barrel was a kind of salvation when several buckets of water were poured on the floor of the guardhouse with punitive purpose. Among the other things visitors show genuine interest is an antique toilet bowl with its own drainage system that was used 5,000 years ago on the island of Crete. The museum also exhibits lavatories, chamber pots and bidet used in Victorian era in the second half of 19th century. German portable bidet of first half of the 19th century can also be found there. The smallest museum exhibit is a silver pendant in the shape of the toilet pan. Unique are toilets that were used in Far East, in monasteries, also toilets made of gold, wood, foam, urinal with guillotine and humorous miniature toilet bowls. Museum of Bread The museum offers such interesting exhibits as a collection of a few thousand loaves from all over Ukraine, the pieces of "card" bread of the siege of Leningrad and loaves for astronauts. All the exhibits are non-eatable, they are processed with chemicals, which make them eternal. Nevertheless, some excursionists still try to bite get "entertained". For example, several years ago there were twenty pieces of the bread baked for space explorers, while now only two loaves left. As for the bread made in siege of Leningrad, it was dangerous to be eaten even freshly baked, it contained only 50% of flour, all the rest was oil cake, leaves and paper. Museum of Aviation or "flying deli" Museum of Aviation is interesting not only because of number of its exhibits, but also because of the fact that some exhibits are still world record-holders. First of all it refers to supersonic interceptor MiG-25 (Foxbat) which record in reaching an altitude has not been broken yet. It was the first aircraft that went higher then 37 km. As the surface of the aircraft body was heated up to hundreds degrees, it had to be cooled. It really had powerful cooling system... made of 200 liters of water-alcohol mixture. For this, the plane was called the "flying grocery store". In total, the museum displays more than 70 airplanes and helicopters, missiles, weapons and engines. At the entrance to the museum there is a unique Tu-104 (Camel) with serial number 001. It was in service until 1958. Its interior is interesting: in its front part there is a four-door compartment for VIP with velvet and mahogany upholstery. The compartment is equipped with washbasins. In addition, the museum stores the only collection in the world of strategic bombers Tu-22, capable of carrying nuclear bombs. Museum of trolleybus tickets Probably few people know that Kiev has museum of trolleybus coupons. This is the first museum in the world and it is located at a pub made in the form of a trolleybus carriage. It gathered the largest collection of travel documents - more than 300 stamps from 27 countries worldwide. The oldest ticket dates back to 1957. Chernobyl Museum It is dedicated to Chernobyl disaster happened in April 1986. The entrance to the museum is blocked by gate with flashing lights, which starts symbolic journey to Chernobyl. After passing the gate every tourist goes along a ladder with hanging signs with the names of towns and villages, caught in the area of radiation and erased from the earth. Among the exhibits of the museum are an iconostasis of the Resurrection Church of the exclusion zone, a boat with children's toys, personal belongings and documents of participants of liquidation of the accident. Near the iconostasis there are figures of the liquidators in protective suits and respirators. In the museum everyone can see video of the disaster, see a working model of nuclear station, watch explosion and construction of sarcophagus over the destroyed unit of the station.
KIEV: TIME FOR UNUSUAL MUSEUM WEEKEND content media
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ghaziseo144
Jun 04, 2022
In General Discussions
Not one week goes by without having to explain what a GMO is and discuss their perceived value in food production. However, I believe the debate to be far more nuanced than is generally understood and not the silver bullet that many pro-GMO lobbyists would have us believe. The scientific community shouldn't arrogantly look at the gap in scientific literacy and overlook public engagement in difficult scientific issues. The value of public engagement and discussion cannot be underestimated because it is a scientifically informed society that will find realistic options to feed future generations. Surely, it is an informed public debate that should guide the future's global need for food, not the interests of lobby groups. Indeed, shouldn't we also be asking the question if GMO's can't provide the answer to sustainable food security, what will? As I sit in McDonald's, I ponder the question "how much of what we know about GMOs in our food system is based on fact as opposed to lobby groups' scare tactics?" guillotine window A 2014 study on science literacy by the Pew Research Center (PRC) conducted in cooperation with the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), compared the opinions of AAAS scientists with those of the general public. PRC's study concluded that 88% of scientists thought eating GMO food is safe, while a mere 37% of the public considers the same to be true, a huge 51 point gap. As throngs of customers come through the door and perpetually line up at the guillotine-like window to be served in their cars, it's clear that McDonald's has a huge influence on the US food system. Significantly, bowing to lobbyist pressure and loss of revenue, McDonald's refused to buy GMO potatoes in late 2014, placing pressure on other restaurants to follow suite. Indeed, powerful lobbies drive the GMO debate, on one side backed by environmentalist/activist organizations opposed to GMO use and, on the other side, corporate sponsors with vested interests in the use of GMOs for their own profits. I suppose that I'm not a typical McDonald's customer, because I have actually performed some of the GMO experimentation that McDonald's is so against. May be I'm sitting in the jaws of the enemy, but I don't think I'm a typical scientist either. Among my piers I'm a little too concerned by society's perception of science. It really concerns me that the interests of these groups might have hijacked the debate from the general public, leaving both sides polarized and unable to reasonably compare the benefits and the risks. For millennia people have unwittingly selected plant species for the characteristics considered suitable for domestication. From the dawn of human civilization to the discovery of DNA, plant breeding followed the same patterns of selection to breed the best characteristics into the next generation of plants, albeit with increasing sophistication. This process involved the cross-pollination of plants, closely related or not, to combine the best genes from both into the next batch of seed for planting. A bit like finding a needle in a haystack, getting the right gene into a plant, can be a huge challenge. However, even though the concept may seem simple, this type of gene manipulation, that is, moving genes from one group of plants to another, has been a fundamental aspect of crop development for a very long time. Nevertheless, classical methods of crop development can be slow, relatively imprecise and restricted by gene availability within existing crops. Scientists felt that genetic engineering technology heralded a new era in which genes could be quickly incorporated for more rapid crop improvement. Genetic engineering technology first became commercially available in 1976, with companies producing GMO foods soon after. Since then, extensive safety trials performed on GMOs have lead to the majority of the scientific community to proclaim that GMO food is safe for production and human consumption. While there were many new GMO projects being borne in the lab, with a few making it to supermarkets shelves, it was in 2000, that a rice species frequently grown in regions of Asia was designed to produce beta-carotene because it originally lacked the genes to do so. Beta-carotene forms the building block to vitamin A production when absorbed by the human body. This distinctive golden-yellow rice, to become known as Golden Rice, came with the promise that it would help alleviate vitamin A deficiency in children. Some 670,000 children under the age of 5 were known to die annually from vitamin A deficiency at that point. Golden Rice was also produced with the assurance that it would be available at no extra cost to small hold farmers. Many scientists felt that Golden Rice was exactly the type of goodwill project that was needed to open the doors to broadened acceptance of GMO. Yet, even after safety tests and the development of Golden Rice, with a clear humanitarian focus, scientists failed to abate the public's diminishing trust of GMO technology. Regardless, most scientists doggedly argued that GMO is vital because world population is pressing towards 9 billion people by 2050, while current trends also indicate that there will be more plant disease, greater climate variability and less arable land available, while maintaining increased crop yields. From the scientists' perspective the potential benefits are so profound, they tended to be unable to effectively address the array of concerns voiced by the anti-GMO campaigners. Sometimes using public fear and ignorance as a weapon, the anti-GMO groups have led very successful campaigns against the producers of GMO crops. Terms such as 'frankenfood' greatly enhanced the perception that GMOs were harmful and ethically wrong. Some parts of the distaste for GMO are based on reason and fact. For instance, some elements believe that the need to produce Golden Rice has arisen to patch up a dysfunctional food system that has consistently driven the poorest person's food diversity to a few cereal grains low in micronutrients, such as beta-carotene. Without apparent pause for breath, Golden Rice was declared to be a "Trojan horse", because scientists were accused of trying to take the focus off the technology and onto the perceived humanitarian need. While such hyperbole makes headlines, it has also convinced some scientists, unfairly, that all opposition to GMOs is based in ignorance. Certainly, many scientists are guilty of tarring all GMO critics with the same brush. Nevertheless, despite the potential benefits of Golden Rice, some fifteen years after the inception of Golden Rice it is still undergoing trials even though numerous studies have concluded that Golden Rice poses no risk to human health. Notwithstanding the rigorous name-calling by the polarized groups, it seems clear that the vast majority of the general public has not been informed of the actual pros or cons of GMO and has therefore not contributed to the decisions surrounding its use. The average person on the street, including many of my own friends, say that GMOs are bad, but are unable to explain why. While having an objection to GMO use is not a bad thing, of itself (in my opinion at least), neither are they aware of the pro-GMO arguments and certainly have no technical understanding of what a GMO is. This is because while scientists have used minimal effort to engage the public in GMO science, maximum effort has been made by the anti-GMO groups to steer people away from achieving a balanced knowledge of GMO technology. Even though the public appears to have been cheated of this chance with GMOs, a realistic option is vital to provide food for future generations. The value of public discourse cannot be underestimated. Scientists shouldn't maintain a wall of silence and must learn to help the public to be involved in difficult ethical issues. This doesn't mean that GMOs (or whatever technology comes along next) will be a panacea for every case, but society should be informed and at the very least able to discuss the options freely and openly. The future global need for food obliges us to realize that these issues are too important to remain unresolved. So is that it? Should we all walk away now and assume that this is a lost cause we could never come to an agreement on? Where does the public fit in this chaos anyway? Isn't it time to step back and reconsider the facts? If we were to honestly do that, rather than look to our friends for guidance, how many people would stay on the same side, move to the other side or even fall in the middle? I personally think that we, the scientists that is, should become better listeners, how else are we to gauge society's mood regarding the next leap forward? Remarkable as it may seem, a few prominent figures have changed their position once they were able to learn more about the details of the science. One obvious example is Mark Lynas, an anti-GMO organizer in Europe turned pro-GMO advocate. He claims that, "even though [he] had done no academic research on the topic, and had a pretty limited personal understanding". Lynas had previously participated in destroying GMO field trials and has criticized Greenpeace and other NGOs for discounting GMO safety and the potential benefits because the scientific evidence conflicted with their ideology. Personally, I believe that GMO has a place in a world of many variables. It doesn't have to be a prominent place, but I do think it should be in the plant breeder's toolbox. What we see here, in America, doesn't always make sense in the context of Sub-Saharan Africa or Bangladesh for example. The reason Golden Rice became a big deal, was because it has (at least in theory anyway) the potential to help a lot of people that are suffering. It wouldn't have meant much in America. We could instead think of other major climatic problems that are on the horizon for example. What will we do when sea levels rise, causing rice paddies to be filled with salt water and the plants die? Will the existing genetic variability in rice be enough to allow rice to adapt? Likewise, what about drought adaptation? Do we deny the people of these countries the opportunity to improve their own crops by providing them with the tools to adjust to their new situation or maintain the status quo? Do we even have the right to make those choices for them anyway? I confess, I don't have the answers to these questions, may be you do. Maybe society does. Amid the difficulties of finding broad acceptance of GMOs scientists have continued to search for other methods to alter a plant's genome. A new technology called CRISPR (with the delightfully catchy name Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats) has the potential to make highly accurate changes to a plant's genetic character. It would be like changing one letter in a string of words. In the same way that one letter can alter the meaning, or indeed render a word in a sentence meaningless, CRISPR can change a gene's job or shut it down completely. CRISPR is more accurate than previous genome editing methods and so far has not been considered to be a GMO because it doesn't involve the insertion of foreign DNA. CRISPR has begun to receive wide acceptance in crop development. With the GMO option slowly sinking, it seems that CRISPR is light on the scientists' horizon. The question is whether CRISPR technology will succumb to the same fate as GMOs. Frequently, the arrogance of larger corporations has created distaste for GMOs. Many of the GMO crops that have popped up in the past few decades have intellectual property rights associated with them, how else are these companies going to make a profit? However, recently several hugely controversial lawsuits have been brought against farmers who have apparently "stolen" Monsanto's GMO plants, creating disdain among the public for Monsanto's heavy-handed approach to defending its patents. Such corporations invest heavily in lobby groups that aim to persuade bureaucrats to make national and international policy choices in their favor. Not only do these corporations make profits from the GMO crops but also the associated herbicides, such as Roundup, that they sell as a kind of 'bundle' package. We should disentangle the issues here a little. Asserting that objections to GMOs are unfounded because GMO food is safe to eat dismisses all the other, possibly reasonable, objections people may have related to herbicide use for GMOs like Roundup Ready crops. I too am frustrated by this apparent lack of good PR, because nobody likes a bully. The non-governmental organization (NGO), Greenpeace, fights against the use of GMOs based on this and other grounds. Hence, when the facts surrounding GMO usage are so complex, having aggregated 'yes' or 'no' camps polarized at either end of the discussion prevents the ebb and flow of dialogue. Surely, there needs to be a reasonable middle ground for the global public to make a facts-based, informed decision on the pros and cons of GMOs in their food.
CONQUERING THE SPACE BETWEEN OMG AND GMO content media
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ghaziseo144
Jun 04, 2022
In General Discussions
Bullet proof doors can be a common choice for many commercial residences. Hospitals are one of the most popular institutions who prefer bullet proof doors. This is to ensure the safety of patients, especially hospitals in high crime areas. Bullet resistant doors can be made to resist a wide range of bullet calibers. This can range from light hand guns to high caliber rifles. curtain wall door Many times, bullet proof doors are also sound resistant. These specialty doors help meet specific requirements and objectives on various types of projects. Many facilities, including banks, financial institutions, government buildings, and court houses are common projects requiring bullet resistant doors. Sound resistant doors are found in legal facilities, recording studios, sound stages, and equipment rooms. These doors are designed and custom built for each project and application. They are available in different sizes and types determined by the application, engineering, and architectural requirements. Sound resistant doors contain STC ratings of up to 54 and above depending on the application.The STC stands for Sound Transmission Class. This is a single number rating of a material's or an assembly's ability to resist airborne sound transfer at frequencies of 125 to 4000 Hz. A higher STC rating blocks more noise from transmitting through a partition. STC is dependent on the construction of the partition. This can be increased by adding mass, increasing or adding air space, or by adding an absorptive material within the partition. An STV rating over a range of 16 different frequencies is consistent with the range of speech. The STC rating does not assess the low frequency sound transfer. Special consideration should be given to spaces where the noise transfer concern is other than speech, such as mechanical equipment or music. Even with a high STC rating, any penetration, air-gap, or flanking path can degrade the isolation quality of a wall. Flanking paths are the means for sound to transfer from one space to another other than through the wall. Sound can flank over, under, or around a wall. Sound can travel through ductwork, plumbing, or corridors. Noise will travel between spaces at the weakest points. These weak points need to be improved before installing a sound proof or bullet proof door. Bullet proof doors are built and shipped as drop in units. Sometimes, business owners think of them as a drop in security solution. The door is only as good as the security system it is going to be integrated into. Each door system should be designed to stop bullet and easy day to day operations. Bullet proof doors are more effective when they are placed next to walls that are inherently bullet resistant. This can be cinderblock, brick, or poured concrete. If the wall is not, then it will need to be backed with bullet resistant fiberglass. Windows near the doors need to be replaced with ballistic glass. The most common type of bullet proof door is a traffic door. These can be impact doors, swing doors, and double acting doors. They are a cost effective solution for fast and efficient two way movement through an opening where visual, sound, and environmental barrier are required. The most popular uses for these doors are in hospitals, restaurants, hotels, and manufacturing companies. Bullet proof doors are not the only kinds of specialty doors that businesses can use. Specialty doors can also include air curtains and doors, high speed doors, and impact doors. There are also drive-through and pass-through windows that act as an automatic door system. Cold storage doors are a popular specialty choice and can often be bullet proof as well. Roof hatches and access doors are very specialty, custom designed for each business' purposes. Some of these door installation services also offer welding services, board up services, and glass replacement.
UNDERSTANDING BULLET PROOF DOORS content media
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ghaziseo144
Jun 04, 2022
In General Discussions
Now that the hurricane season is almost at its peak you will have to find out if you are ready to take on some of the challenges that mother nature will challenge us with. Anyone who lives in Florida will agree that they are well trained at waiting out the storm and coming out with the least amount of damage. But there are many people that are not ready for these major storms and can lose all of their possessions in a matter of hours if their home is not protected from the storms. One of the most common things that happen during a hurricane is that the wind will be blowing anything that is not tied down all over the place. This could be anything from lawn chairs to pieces of plywood that people nailed into their walls to protect their windows. If you don't know by now, but retractable awnings are the way to go and nailing plywood into the walls of your home is old news. retractable glass wall There are also cases where trees will be uprooted and will be airborne as well and slam into your walls or windows of your house. These are some of the reasons why it is so important to prepare your home for the future in case one of these storms decides to make a stop in your neighborhood. These retractable awnings are very sturdy and can withstand a direct blow to most flying debris that these hurricanes create under high levels of wind. Not only do these awnings protect your home they add a great touch to the design of your home as well. They actually make you home look and fell more valuable and appealing to other people and can help improve the selling value of your home if and when you decide to sell it in the future. Another way to protect your home is through the use of hurricane storm shutters. Now these are not as easy to set up as retractable awnings but they even stronger than retractable awnings and will keep flying debris from breaking through the glass window of your home. One of the advantages to using storm shutters is that you can take them down whenever you like. It is not advised to leave them up because they cover your whole window area and do not let any sunlight in. These storm shutters are also used to be placed on the outer windows for people who go up north for the summer times on vacation for a couple weeks if not months at a time. They just put up the shutters and if a hurricane comes they don't have to worry because their home is already protected. No matter which way you feel is better for your home and your budget is all up to you. Each awning and storm shutter will protect you from added costs from the deductible of the insurance companies because your windows will be safe and out of harm's way. Plan for the future of your home and make sure you plan for having awnings or shutters installed to make your home even more hurricane proof.
RETRACTABLE AWNINGS - GETTING READY TO DEAL WITH THE STORMS content media
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ghaziseo144
Jun 04, 2022
In General Discussions
Morning mist, like a transparent sheath, rose from the green-carpeted Cheat Mountain in West Virginia's Monongahela National Forest on that Memorial Day weekend, but the hot sun quickly intercepted it during its gentle ascent, leaving a flawlessly blue sky. Like a pocket of history, somehow frozen in time, the town of Cass, accessed via curving, mountain-hugging roads and a short, Greenbrier River-traversing bridge, sported its railroad depot, historic buildings, and dual tracks, all cradled by a valley in Back Allegheny Mountain. The tracks themselves, stretching toward and disappearing into a dense forest, were the very reason for the town and its railroad and also the reason why neither disappeared into history. Densely covered with virgin forests during the late-19th century, West Virginia ubiquitously sprouted oak, hickory, pine, walnut, and chestnut at its lower elevations and hemlock, spruce, vertical pivot window maple, and birch at its higher ones, providing rich lumber resources, with its eight- to nine-foot diameter trees, for the houses, stores, churches, and schools demanded by the state's increasing population. Logging, once dependent upon rivers to power sawmills, evolved into a significant industry with the concurrent development of the steam engine and the circular saw, a combination which permitted location anywhere the operation required it, independent of external water power. Trees were traditionally felled, cut into manageably sized logs, propelled down slopes by means of wooden skids to streams, and transported to mills on log rafts. Because of the inherent imprecision and danger of the manual skidding method, the Lidgerwood Company of New York designed the first steam-powered skidder, which constituted another logging industry advancement. First used in West Virginia in 1904, the device, featuring a mile of 1 7/8-inch thick cable which extended up to 2,600 feet, was either mounted directly on the ground or atop a rail-provisioned flat car, gripping the log and transferring it from forest to stream in a secure, controlled manner. It significantly increased the capability of the horse-drawn method it often replaced. Water-born logging rafts, as equally imprecise because of rock, boulder, branch, and rapids obstructions during the summer and ice in the winter, were eventually replaced with steam-operated loaders and logging railroads. Large band saws, substituting for the earlier, circular device, converted timber into lumber more rapidly, precisely, and efficiently, eliminating needless waste, and had an average daily capability of 125,000 board-feet. By the late-19th century, West Virginia had become one of the country's largest lumber producers, more than one hundred railroads transporting raw timber to mills for cutting and processing before being shipped for sale as a finished product. Peaking in 1909, the industry cut some 1,473 million board feet of lumber per year. One of the most major logging operations had been the West Virginia Spruce Lumber Company. Founded in 1899 when John G. Luke acquired more than 67,000 acres of red spruce in West Virginia, it was a subsidiary of the West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company located in Covington, Virginia. The Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad, foreseeing a need for freight and lumber transportation, hastened its own plans to extend its track into northern Pocahontas County, incorporating a subsidiary designated the "Greenbrier Railway Company" in 1897 and commencing roadbed and track construction two years later. The line reached the area that December. Threshold to virgin forests, it was uniquely positioned to carry timber to the Covington sawmill and also to connect with the Coal and Iron Railway, which itself was later amalgamated into the Western Maryland Railway. Although it provided a vital link, it did not penetrate the mountain-clinging forests themselves, nor did it possess the proper locomotive equipment to do so. Logging railroad track, by necessity, exhibited several unique characteristics. Mountain forests usually dictated both sharp curves, which could equal 35 degrees, and steep grades, which required switchbacks to surmount, while track needed to be portable, moved after each area was cut and depleted. Resultantly, it was usually built up of short, skinned logs directly laid on the bare earth, without the benefit of prepared roadbeds, and the rails themselves were then spiked to them. Rail weight, ranging between 50 and 75 pounds per yard, was more than sufficient. Although these temporary, impromptu tracks fulfilled the immediate need before being moved to the next location, they were ill-suited to conventional, rod-type locomotives with their rigid frames and fixed driving axles. Often falling victim to imperfections, they slipped and frequently derailed. What was needed was an engine with numerous, small drive wheels, ideally ranging between eight and 16, which could deliver low-speed traction, continuous contact, positive power, and effective braking, yet exhibit considerable flexibility. Ephraim Shay, a Michigan logger who was well acquainted with such obstacles, designed the first articulated locomotive for logging purposes in 1874. Its driving force was subdivided into the cylinders-connecting rods and the driving wheels mounted on pivoting trucks, the side-mounted cylinders themselves counterbalanced by an offset boiler, while the tender truck's own driving axles both contributed to this force and added to the locomotive's adhesion weight. The geared steam engine, replacing the conventional locomotive's rod-driving propulsion system, was equally easy to maintain and repair with its entirely exposed parts. The first such Shay, patented and constructed by the Lima Machine Works of Lima, Ohio, in 1880, featured slide vales, a vertical boiler, and eight drivers. Later, progressively larger examples sported three right-side mounted vertical cylinders counterbalanced by a left side boiler, which itself provided clearance for the cylinders, and a small water tender-connected coal bunker located immediately behind the cab. Since the engine was seldom far from either a coal or water supply, its relatively small capacity proved sufficient. Cylinder pistons, by means of bevel gears, enabled each truck to independently negotiate the rail's imperfections and their small, 36-inch drive wheels provided the needed adhesion and traction. Yet, since all wheels were interconnected either by line shafts or axles, single-wheel slippages were impossible. The Shay locomotive, enjoying a 2,771-production run between 1880 and 1945, proved to be the most ideally-suited and numerically most popular powerplant for logging operations, whether specifically in West Virginia, where more than 400 were employed, or elsewhere. It also had limited application for steep-grade, heavy-load lines and industrial switching. The West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company's first locomotive was a two-truck, 42-ton Shay. The first pulpwood shipment to the Covington, Virginia, paper mill, hauled by the Greenbrier Railway Company, was made on January 28, 1901, but what was needed for more immediate processing and independent operation was a strategically located sawmill. This became operational the following year. In order to support the massive workforce required for a rapidly expanding logging enterprise, a company town, designated "Cass" after West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company Vice President Joseph P. Cass, arose from a small farming community and wagon road river crossing previously called "Leatherbark Ford." Carefully planned and revolving round the sawmill itself, the incorporated town, with an official major and council, was located on one side of the Greenbrier River and boasted of a 2,000-strong population, sustained by houses, schools, stores, offices, churches, and civic and social organizations. It quickly blossomed into one of West Virginia's largest boom towns. Its three-story Pocahontas Supply Company store, constructed in 1902 and partially rebuilt 16 years later after fire had consumed its upper floor, sold everything from food to appliances to furniture and was the nucleus of the town. It had also served as the site of the US Post Office and the lumber company's offices. The smaller shop next to it housed Nethkin's Meat Market. Residents used wooden boardwalks to negotiate the area by foot. Contrasted with the brothels and hotels located on the town's east side, which was alternatively dubbed "East Cass" or "Dirty Street," the dual-structure comprising the Cass Hotel was frequented by businessmen, workers in good standing, and respected visitors. The elite, in general, lived in the town's Big Bug Hill section. The mayor's office, replacing a temporarily employed boxcar for incarcerations, ironically housed the more permanent jail on its first floor and the mayoral headquarters on its second. Between 1901 and 1920, the railroad had constituted Cass's only access. Propelled by its small Shay locomotive, the West Virginia Spruce Lumber Company commenced logging railroad operations in January of 1901, pulling red spruce-piled flat cars over an initial eight miles of off-line track in order to supply the Covington paper mill with pulpwood until Cass's own mill had been completed the following year. By 1908, the operation had sustained dramatic growth, with logging trains running both day and night, supported by 200 draft horses and 1,000 men and supplying the mill with hemlock and spruce bark. Forty-four daily cars hauled raw material and finished products from Cass. After subsidiary West Virginia Spruce Lumber Company had been acquired by and amalgamated into parent Pulp and Paper, and the operation had entered its second life phase, the railroad had been rechartered as the Greenbrier, Cheat, and Elk, opening a main line into the Elk River Watershed in order to log a 2,000-foot-long by 100-foot-deep area designated the "Big Cut," then the largest and most costly engineering project ever undertaken by an eastern logging company. Comprised of 82 miles of main and 40 additional miles of spur line track at its peak, it enjoyed 21 years of common-carrier operations. A typical logging operation entailed cutting the designated trees, skidding them down the slope to the tracks, and loading them, as log limbs, on to the flatbed cars, cradled between vertical, side-forming and -mounted wooden stakes, which formed pockets. After being transported to the mill, they were unloaded in to the mill pond, at which time pike-provisioned men channeled them on to jack slips-inclined, cleated, conveyor belt-like chains-for travel into the actual mill's sawing room. The finished product, assuming the form of cut board, was then dried and reloaded on to standard-gauge trains pulled by traditional rod locomotives for distribution to the company or lumber yard which had ordered them. The mill, equipped with 11 miles of steam pipes, cut more than 125,000 board feet of lumber per shift and dried 360,000 per run, there having been two 11-hour shifts per day, scheduled six days per week, resulting in 1.5 million board feet per week and 35 million per year. The West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company, having grown into one of West Virginia's largest logging enterprises, was continually subjected to expansion, as evidenced by its statistics: the Greenbrier, Cheat, and Elk Railroad had operated over 66 miles of track by 1917 and over 101 miles four years later, when the workforce had exceeded 1,500. But, by the time World War II had raged, the forests surrounding Cass had been depleted, despite still-prevalent hardwood and second-growth trees below Bald Knob. The West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company, unable to justify the economic viability of extending its track into the timber span, sold the operation to F. Edwin Mower, head of the Charleston-based Mower Lumber Company. Demand for southern yellow pine, traditionally used for paper production, had already precipitated a decline and 68,000 acres had been sold to the US Forest Service in 1936. The remainder had been acquired by Mower. The West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company thus entered the third phase of its life, albeit under a new name. Laying 12 miles of short branch track off the Cabin Fork Line to Bald Knob, the Mower Lumber Company was able to continue harnessing the precious wood resource. But with only 65,000 acres remaining by 1960, a handful of still-unharvested hardwood patches, and deteriorating rolling stock and machinery, it only operated three weekly trains pulled by an equal number of Shay locomotives, and finally ceased operations on June 30 of that year. Victim, like most of the other logging railroad enterprises to forest depletion and new, automated mill processing methods, it retreated into the history books, leaving less than half-a-dozen concerns in West Virginia. Its track, mills, machinery, engines, and cars almost went with it. The Midwest Raleigh Steel Corporation, to which the operation's components had been sold, began dismantling its track, with the intention of having it completely removed before the onset of winter, while the locomotives, rolling stock, and logging equipment would be junked. Walworth Farms, a landholding company, acquired its wooded property. Russel C. Baum, a Pennsylvania rail fan who coincidentally spent a three-day vacation in Marlinton, West Virginia, during this time, witnessed the painstaking dismemberment process, but immediately foresaw the historical and tourist value of the railroad. Commencing a campaign to save it and pleading his case in Charleston's Capitol Building, he was able to obtain a temporary injunction which dictated suspension of the dismantling process, and a committee, formed for the purpose of investigating its tourism potential, ultimately recommended that the state acquire its roadbed, rolling stock, and 40 acres on Back Allegheny Mountain for $150,000. It would then be operated by the Department of Natural Resources. On June 15, 1963, the operation entered its fourth life phase when the Cass Scenic Railroad was born. Pulled by Shay locomotive #4, the first passenger-carrying excursion train left Cass and the railroad carried 23,106 during its first year of operations. That number has increased every year since. Restoring the line to fully operational status, it opened the second portion, to Bald Knob, on May 25, 1968, to the excursion train, its tracks having now carried both logs and passengers. On the same date, Cass Scenic Railroad State Park, which includes almost 100 buildings in the town itself, was added to the National Register of Historic Places, and today, as a unit of the West Virginia Park System, is the site of the nation's longest-running tourist railway, the geared steam locomotive, the mill town, the locomotive repair shop, the Cass Company store, the Last Run Restaurant, and the Shay Railroad Shop. The Cass Mill, having been owned by the West Virginia Spruce Lumber Company between 1902 and 1910, the West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company between 1910 and 1942, and the Mower Lumber Company between 1942 and 1960, had been comprised of the drying kilns, the boiler house, the powerhouse, the sawmill itself, the millpond, and the storage area for finished lumber, all located between the tracks and the Greenbrier River. Reconstruction occurred from 1922 to 1923 because of fire, the reason for its final demise during the 1980s. II Belching thick, black smoke from its stack and clanging its bell, Shay locomotive #6 pulled its still-empty cars to the Cass depot on the left of the two main tracks 30 minutes before its 1100 departure to Bald Knob on that late-May morning, a four-and-a-half hour, 22-mile round trip journey. The cars themselves consisted of six wooden, converted logging cars with paneless windows, a roof, and side-facing bench seats, painted green with red window trim, and a single wooden, enclosed coach with forward- and aft-facing, booth-like seats, designated "Leatherbark Creek." The depot next to which they stood, constructed here in 1901 to serve the just-completed Greenbrier Division of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad, was modified in 1923 to accommodate an increasing volume of freight and passengers, but the present wooden, white-painted structure was rebuilt in 1979, four years after fire had claimed the original one. The 162-ton, Class C-150 Shay locomotive #6, originally constructed for the Western Maryland Railway and the largest of its type, had been shipped to Elkins, West Virginia, on May 14, 1945 for service on the nine-percent graded Chaffee Branch. The three-truck engine, with 48-inch drivers, a 17-inch bore, and an 18-inch stroke, was then donated to the Baltimore and Ohio Museum, in Baltimore, Maryland, after four years, and was subsequently exchanged for a Cass Scenic Railroad Porter 0-4-0 after another 26. Other locomotives in its inventory include the 93-ton Shay #2, the 80-ton Shay #4, the 90-ton Shay #5, and the 103-ton Shay #11. A 70-ton Shay #9 and 100-ton Heisler #6, although not currently operational, round out the fleet. Emitting an ear-shattering whistle and releasing a volcanic eruption of billowing, blinding black smoke, the Shay #6, assuming a pusher-configuration, bit into the rails and prodded its cars into abrupt motion, steam pressure pulsing its pistons which then rotated its crankshaft, and this, in turn, rotated the all-driver wheels through reduction gear. Plying the tracks acquired by the state park in 1978 after the Chesapeake and Ohio's Greenbrier Division had operated its last freight service on them, the train moved past the water tank, which had been shared with the C&O, but is presently a replica which had been installed in 2005. It also marked the spot, at the junction switch, where the logging railroad actually began. The deadline, cradling several locomotives, was the service area for coaling, sanding, and repairing. Crossing Back Mountain Road, the train trundled near the original, 1901 track, which had been on a cribbing through the wet bottomland of Leatherbark Creek, and the bridges which had traversed it had been little more than wood stringers until they had been replaced by steel structures in 1959. West Virginia's highest stream, the creek itself flowed from a point below Bald Knob. Rumbling and vibrating with every track joint traverse, the chain of cars commenced a four-percent graded ascent through a cool, almost sun-obstructing forest of tall spruce, hemlock, white pine, and red spruce trees, the raw timber which constituted the very reason for the railroad's creation. Most had now been third-cut vegetation, with the patches receiving the most sunlight having been the first to regrow. In order to avoid an excessive amount of circumventing track and gain the maximum amount of elevation in the minimum amount of distance, the logging railroad installed two switchbacks, the lower of which was reached at mile 2.3. Ceasing motion beyond the actual v-configured rails before releasing a soot-reeking geyser from its stack and assaulting the forest's solitude with a billowing stream of coal cinders, the Shay locomotive, puffing and panting, lurched its cars in a pulling mode, filling its lungs with every chugging breath as the crankshaft provided the vital connection between the vertical pistons and the rotating wheels. Settling into a rhythmic, albeit explosive, forest-echoing chug, the mass re-established motion. Initiating a 22-degree curve on a 3.65-percent grade, the Bald Knob run arced into the 158-degree circle characterizing Gum Curve at mile 2.6. The sun-illuminated clearing, comprised of rolling, velvet-green pastures, revealed the equally green waves of the highlands off the left side. At mile 3.1, the train's seven cars, bombarded with lung-choking steam and smoke, moved past Limestone Cut, the track's roadbed having been created after limestone rock itself had been hand-cut with the aid of picks, shovels, black powder, and horse-drawn pans. Once again immersed in dense, dark forest, the railroad maneuvered through an arrest-reinitiated motion sequence as it spewed black plumes to the towering treetops and negotiated the upper switchback, the locomotive assuming its pusher-configuration. Mountains, varying in color with distance, seemed to roll and crest, like ocean waves, dividing the line between Virginia and West Virginia. Those closest to the train appeared green while those furthest from it appeared dark-blue to gray. Commencing a 0.2-mile, s-curve at a 7.1-percent grade, the train crossed the access road to Whittaker and surmounted a plateau, a sanctuary-exuding meadow in the middle of a steep forest flanked on either side by densely treed mountains. Having climbed from 2,452 feet at Cass to a current 3,250 at Whittaker Station, the Shay engine breathed a sigh and suspended its journey at 1145. Aside from the views of Cheat Mountain and the snackbar facilities, the station itself afforded the opportunity to experience the Mountain State Railroad and Logging Association's reconstructed logger's camp. Originally the site of a Hungarian railroad laborer's camp during the turn-of-the-century, the present reconstruction, depicting a later set-up from about 1946, featured three tracks on which railroad cars, equipment, and miners shanties were positioned, the latter built using measurements from actual structures near Bald Knob. Although such camps were usually isolated, spartan, and offered little more than a suspension between work shifts to facilitate washing, eating, and sleeping until the person could return to the main logging town, such as Cass, they were an integral part of West Virginia railroad logging from the late-1800s to 1960. Because the activity had constituted the predominant growth industry during this period, and because timber companies needed significant numbers of immigrant workers to meet their operational requirements, they usually contracted large city-located labor agents to screen and hire them. Typically, they encompassed people from Italy, Sweden, Germany, Austria, Hungary, Russia, and Poland. The camps, crude and crowded, employed kerosene lamps for light and coal or wood for heat. Food, in copious quantities, was vital to worker productivity. The Whittaker camp's four-wheel logging caboose, constructed by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad in 1883, was usually attached at the end of logging trains and accommodated by brakemen and management-level personnel so that they could inspect remote sites. Later employed in Swandale, Clay County, it was finally acquired by the Cass Scenic Railroad. The camp's several shanties, which utilized less-than-premium lumber and were transported from area to area after it had been depleted of trees, exemplified the structure's size and internal facilities relative to position importance. The wood shanty was tiny. The filer's shanty contained a larger window to provide maximum light for saw sharpening. And the desk-provisioned surveyor/cruiser shanty was housed by the men who determined which timber should be cut and how it should be removed from the mountain. The kitchen and dining car, sporting a long,, bench-lined, internal table for eating, and the abundant portions served on it, were tantamount to sustaining logging operations, since the human bodies were the primary "machines" involved in the operational chain, over and above the mechanical ones, and therefore had to be properly "fueled." There had been little else to which loggers would look forward during their nocturnal downtimes. Sleeping in spartan surroundings, as evidenced by the lobby/bunk car, was the standard until the worker could return to home and family in the company town. A stove provided warmth and a method by which wet clothes could be dried throughout the night. The diesel-powered log loader, usually riding car-fastened rails and thus capable of both independent and collective movement with the remainder of the train, facilitated log transfer from ground to rolling stock. The camp's example was capable of handling tree-length specimens. The steam-driven Lidgerwood log skidder, operated by a three-man crew and built by the Meadow River Lumber Company in 1944, had been employed for some two decades, and facilitated log delivery from the cutting source to the actual railroad by means of an aerial cable. Snoozing during its 15-minute interlude, the black Shay locomotive exhaled white streams of breath through its vertical piston nostrils, the high-pressure steam discharged from the cylinders itself eradicating its piston chambers of condensation. The restful state, however, was soon shattered by its subsequently released, atmosphere-piercing whistle, its sound waves reverberating off of the surrounding slopes and beckoning the passengers back to the cars for the continuing journey. Re-boring its way through the deep, dense wood forest, whose foliage slowly moved by like a green mosaic within an arm's length of the windowless coaches, the train trundled over the culvert at Whittaker Run, the sharper curve of the old grade visible on the track's low side. Clinging to Leatherbark Gorge, the rails briefly threaded their way through Austin Meadows, on whose slope farm fields once grew, and thence over Gobbler's Knob. A skidder set, located on a 225-foot siding on the uphill side of the train at mile 5.4, had occupied the site between 1940 and 1941, its 3,000-foot cable transferring logs at a 500-foot height over the creek from the far mountainside. Climbing a 5.4- to six-percent grade at mile 6.0, the string of cars passed an overlook whose view took in Leatherbark Creek Valley, located below the lower switchback and from which smoke, created by the 1200 Whittaker train, now rose. At the present elevation, spruce trees had become ubiquitous. The logging spur leading to Camp 5, which had been hollowed in 1911, moved off the side at mile 6.2. The tracks, forking a half-mile further into the journey, led to Old Spruce on the left and Bald Knob on the right, the former following the main line which connected with tracks destined for the Cheat and Elk River drainages at the abandoned mill town of Spruce. Located at a 3,940-foot elevation on the Shavers Fork of the Cheat River, the bark-peeling pulpwood mill- and railroad shop-equipped town was considered the "highest and coldest...in the east." Arcing to the right of the two, the train entered the logging spur, and the last to have been laid by the Mower Lumber Company, so that it could access the highest-elevation timber. It served as the threshold to Bald Knob. Operations, ceasing in 1960, never permitted use of the railroad grade located on the high side and destined for the head of Leatherbark Creek. Arresting its travel on the eight-percent graded track at the Oats Creek water tank, the engine was intravenously-fed 4,000 gallons of the life-providing liquid by means of a steam-driven siphon and portable hose extending from an old mill boiler which continually collected creek water run-off. The 6,000-gallon tank, located directly over the engine's driver wheels, ensured both increased traction and greater rail adhesion.
THE CASS SCENIC RAILROAD content media
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ghaziseo144
Jun 04, 2022
In General Discussions
These versatile barriers come in a bewildering variety of shapes, sizes and materials, but can be classified generally as accordion, bifold or sliding bypass doors. The accordion and bifold types make handier room dividers than the more cumbersome sliding bypass doors, which are usually used as closet closures, but all three types can be adapted to serve as room partitions. The accordion door looks like the bellows of an accordion and is usually made of pleated fabric or vinyl stretched over a light metal or plastic skeleton. Vertical partitions Closing the door stretches out the pleats into a substantial-looking partition; when the door is opened, the pleats fold compactly to one side. Accordion doors, which are hung on rollers from a single overhead track and attached at one side to a wall, are the easiest of the three types of track-mounted doors to install and once in place require little or no adjustment. Bifold doors consist of wood, plastic or metal panels up to about 2 feet wide hinged together lengthwise, usually in pairs. Pairs of panels can be linked together to form one continuous surface. A bifold door consisting of one or more pairs can be mounted at one side of an opening and closed by pulling it all the way across, or the doors can be installed at each side of an opening and pulled together in the middle. An overhead track guides the bifold door but the weight of the door rests on a pivot that is attached to the floor on the wall side. A pivot at the top of the door holds the assembly upright. Sliding bypass doors usually consist of two large wooden panels, each hung by wheels from an overhead track. The panels overlap by about an inch and when closed are kept vertically aligned by a small floor-mounted guide. All overhead tracks - whether they support or merely guide a door - sustain considerable stress when the doors are in use and should be attached to a level, structurally supported surface. Occasionally a track can be fastened directly to the ceiling. But since folding or sliding doors more than 6 feet 8 inches high are seldom readily available and since most ceilings are 8 feet high, installing such doors usually involves attaching the track for the door to a header suspended from the joists, the structural beams that support the ceiling and the floor above. The location of the joists helps to determine the position of the door. After locating the joists and marking the proposed position of the door, carefully calculate the vertical space needed for the door and its track. Design and construct a header suitable for the type of ceiling involved to fit in the space between the track and the ceiling. To calculate the height of header to be suspended from a permanently attached ceiling, measure from floor to ceiling at several points along the proposed line of the door. Subtract from the shortest of these measurements (thus allowing for any unevenness in floor or ceiling) the height of the door and its track plus the thickness of the wallboard or other covering to be applied to the bottom of the header. The result is the height of the header frame; its length is the distance from wall to wall. Attach the header to the ceiling joists, fasten the track to the header and mount the door in its track.
REMODELLING - PARTITIONS FROM DOORS content media
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ghaziseo144
Jun 04, 2022
In General Discussions
So you have decorated your new home with usual furniture and appliances. Now it is time to put up the blinds. What you do not wish to have is the usual mundane curtains and draperies as you are looking for a minimalist look, yet not looking cheap. And if you have a lack of space with lost of windows and low ceilings, here is the solution. Vertical window blinds for those long stretches of huge drop windows are the best solutions to give the space a great finishing touch. Your choice need not be the boring and official looking vinyl vertical blinds which gives a working environment ambiance. There are great discount window treatments around which will surely fit your needs. Fabric vertical blinds and even faux woods are great alternatives. vertical bifold windows And the aluminum ones need not look office like at all if you choose groovy and spunky colors, or better still, with designs on them. Innovate with your choice of fabric and you will be surprised with the end result. Fabric Vertical Blinds is capable of giving your room a whole new look and feel as it enhances the surroundings with its soft elongated verticals yet gives the resemblance of a coziness and homeliness about it. It can also enhance visual effect of a high ceiling giving the room a sense of height and at the same time, allowing full functionality of the blinds. By fabric, it does not connote drapery type of softness, and in fact, there are materials that can be cleaned easily enough simply with a piece of damp cloth. They are hardy, seldom break and are easy to clean and manage. Faux wood materials, on the other hand, give an entirely different ambiance to the room. The woody look and feel could easily blend and enhance the surrounding furniture, especially if they too are dark and woody as well. Although they are more somber, they make for great blinds should you need them in your home office or study room. They last forever with low maintenance required too. So you see, with a little ingenuity, you could prep up your space with discount window treatments at a budget that does not burn a hole in your pocket. Vertical window blinds too can be a cozy, fun yet affordable too, to say the least.
DISCOUNT WINDOW TREATMENTS - VERTICAL WINDOW BLINDS FOR THE BUDGET CONSCIOUS content media
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ghaziseo144
Jun 04, 2022
In General Discussions
Often referred to as simply a 'duodenal switch' procedure, this particular form of bariatric surgery is in fact a vertical sleeve gastrectomy to which a duodenal switch is added. This procedure is also sometimes referred to as a biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch. Of all of the different forms of weight loss surgery available today this is perhaps the most controversial and, though widely performed, there are many surgeons who will vertical dividers not carry out the procedure because of concerns about its long-term effects on a patient's health. The first part of the procedure is a vertical sleeve gastrectomy in which the stomach is divided vertically and approximately eighty-five percent is removed. The small remaining 'sleeve shaped' stomach, which retains the original outlet to the intestines, functions very much as a normal stomach and this part of the surgery is designed purely to restrict the quantity of food which can be consumed. This part of the operation is a form of 'restrictive' surgery and cannot be reversed. The second phase of the operation is to create a duodenal switch and this is a form of 'malabsorption' surgery which is largely reversible. Whereas restrictive surgery creates weight loss by physically preventing the patient from eating too much food, malabsorption surgery is designed to restrict the body's ability to absorb calories from a meal as it passes through the digestive tract. During the procedure the intestine is divided and a small section (usually about 150 cm in length) is used to create a bypass from the duodenum, which is close to the stomach outlet, to a point near the end of the intestinal tract, thus bypassing the bulk of the digestive tract (typically about 500 cm will be bypassed). The result of this bypass (or duodenal switch) is that food passing through the intestine will only mix with the body's digestive juices in the short final section of the intestine below the switch, giving the digestive juices very little time to digest the food and absorb calories from it into the body. While duodenal switch weight loss surgery has the advantage of providing the patient with weight loss through both restriction and malabsorption, it is the degree to which the malabsorption element predominates in the duodenal switch which gives rise to much of the controversy surrounding this form of surgery. By comparison, the traditional Roux-en-Y operation has a much shorter bypass and the distance over which food mixes with the digestive juices in the intestine is in the region of five times greater. The argument which many surgeons use against the duodenal switch is simply that so little absorption takes place that there is too great a risk of anemia, protein deficiency and metabolic bone disease. The vertical sleeve gastrectomy with duodenal switch is also arguably the most complex form of weight loss surgery and many believe that it carries an unacceptably high risk of complications.
VERTICAL SLEEVE GASTRECTOMY WITH DUODENAL SWITCH content media
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ghaziseo144
May 28, 2022
In General Discussions
Build a screened porch on your home to create added value, prolong your outdoor enjoyment, and create your own private get-a-away. Why not have your own special place to unwind, enjoy your morning cup of coffee and read the paper in peace, or dine out tonight in the comfort of an evening breeze? It may be easier and more cost effective than your think. In fact, if you already have a porch, deck, or patio, you are halfway there already. metal window screens With the multitude of screen porch products on the market today, you can find an option to fit almost any budget. Option 1: Screen in your existing porch, patio, or deck. This can be one of the least expensive options if you already have the floor and roof in place. All you need are screen panels or screen porch windows (screens and windows in one product to give you a three season porch option - how neat is that)! Install the screen panels between your existing columns. Screen panels can be custom made or as I prefer, you can purchase high quality screen panels with aluminum framing. They make the job quite easy. If your porch is large enough consider screening in part of it to give you the best of both worlds. Option 2: A Screen Walls Only Kit. If you have a cover over your patio or deck, consider using a screen walls only kit. These kits come with everything you need to enclose your area and convert it to a screened area. This is an excellent and cost effective option given you already have the roof and floor. This option is designed for areas that may have wide expanses between columns. Option 3: Build It On Your Existing Deck or Patio. Since you already have the foundation and floor in place, you can build a screened porch over quite easily. The most difficult part will be the roof design and construction and can be an excellent do-it-yourself project if you have the knowledge and skills for framing and roof construction. You will want to make sure your foundation is in good repair regardless of whether you do it yourself or hire a contractor. Make sure your deck or patio is large enough; most will spend more time in a screened porch than on a deck. You want to make the most of it. Option 4: Erect a Screened Porch Kit. Screened porch kits come in a variety of styles to fit almost any situation. You can opt for a canvas or metal roof and usually select screening materials specific to your area. Some models can be left up year round. Option 5: New Construction This option is the most expensive but a custom porch can have all the amenities like a stone fireplace, flat screen television, outdoor fans, and more. They can be as elaborate as your budget allows and it will be designed to fit the architecture of your home. If building it from the ground up you will need a multitude of building skills from foundations to roof construction. You usually cannot go wrong by hiring a licensed experienced contractor to build your custom porch. After it is constructed you will wonder why it took you so long. Whether for privacy or entertaining, a screened porch is always a pleasure: no bugs, protection from the weather, and the tranquility of being outside. Do not wait any longer - there is an option that is just right for you.

5 WAYS TO BUILD A SCREENED PORCH
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ghaziseo144
May 25, 2022
In General Discussions
When approaching projects that involve tree cutting, you should keep an eye out for the following factors. Arboriculture isn't the kind of profession where one can afford to overlook all the various elements at play. As such, it's necessary for tree companies to be particularly careful about several things during the course of any project. This is especially true for projects that require tree cutting as the resultant damages of just a few bad decisions can be far reaching and highly costly to all parties involved. As one of the tasks tree companies undertake which features a series of difficulties that require a great deal of concentration, there is a thorough procedure of extensive qualifications that any professional must gain before being eligible to work. arboricultural report This includes strenuous exams and extended training that are created exclusively to prepare individuals for tree cutting as a specialisation. Some might naively presume it is only a matter of striking the bark appropriately and ensuring that each blow is at the appropriate degree. However the truth of the matter is that it is highly technical and only a strong team of appropriately certified professionals should take on such jobs. If anyone in the team lacks the requisite experience of tree cutting, then they should be vigilantly guided. Not only is this a critical step in the development of new team members, but it also aids in the smooth integration of new people into the existing team. Almost all companies approach tree cutting in a different way that plays to the strengths of their existing team members. As such, new employees must also be appropriately trained about the processes and practices of the new team they've joined. While these added steps of training might appear futile to the more impatient members within a team, there are many small factors that can sometimes be missed. The treatment of the equipment used in tree cutting projects is one of the most important factors here and both old members and new need to constantly remind themselves to wear the protective equipment necessary in such cases. In most cases, there is an important step that gets overlooked in a tree cutting project. The value of doing site specific research should never be underestimated as even the most ordinary of jobs will have some new elements to surprise the professionals. This means they need to be able to clearly determine beforehand, what state the tree is in and what unique characteristics are specific to it. A further analysis of all the variables that comprise the location such as the nature of the soil, the age of the tree and of course the placement of surrounding domestic environments that need to be protected pre-emptively. Before tree cutting, there must be detailed plans of the exact borders that make up the drop zone, the details about the tree's angle and a staff requirement report. Essentially, the most important characteristics that professionals should maintain are a keen attention to detail and a highly investigative mind set. Every company should always aim to provide the highest quality of service following an appropriately gruelling process of doing all the necessary groundwork. Tree cutting is a seriously challenging activity and should always be treated as such.
THINGS TO REMEMBER WHEN TREE CUTTING content media
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ghaziseo144
May 23, 2022
In General Discussions
Welcome to the Crypto Hotel The Crypto Hotel is all about creativity, innovation, community, blockchain and sustainability. The goal of our Crypto Hotel is to build a community of like-minded individuals that appreciate networking, entrepreneurship, innovation, hotels & crypto. The project’s ambition is to initially bring hotels and crypto closer together. The Crypto Hotel is an urban hideaway where modern luxury meets tech. It enjoys a reputation for design, tech, service, and excellence. Perched overlooking spectacular white sand, turquoise waters, and Crypto City, the Crypto Hotel boasts a timeless design, unique experiences, and legendary service, making every guest feel like a star. Like all legends, the Crypto Hotel never sleeps. Concerts, exhibitions, culinary events, parties, yoga, and lots more are taking place here. A cosmopolitan and “tech-way-of-life” meets the old-world hospitality glamour at Crypto Hotel. The world’s first NFT Crypto Hotel – 100% in the blockchain. Step inside to a world of design, elegance, tech, and colors. The Crypto Hotel is waitingtobediscovered. Planning to visit Puri anytime soon? Get the best deals by selecting a good hotel in advance. But to make a good selection you need to go through several review based sites, collect reviews from former guests, compare them and then finally arrive at a result. To make things easier we have compiled a list of the top 10 hotels in Puri as voted by customers for the year 2015. Below is the list of the top 10 hotels in Puri with an insight into their pros and cons. Most of these Puri hotels can be booked online through all crypto community major travel portals like Tripadvisor, MakeMyTrip, Cleartrip. Z Hotel The hotel that takes the first place among the top hotels in Puri is Z Hotel. A popular budget category hotel, it is situated on Chakratirtha Road making it close to the Jagannath Temple as well as the beach. It has nice and well equipped rooms that will rates starts from Rs. 1500 and above for a night. The prime reason behind its popularity is its location i.e. in a really calm locality away from the bustle of the town of Puri. Weary travellers are also attracted to it for its great service and for its hospitable staff that 'maintain cleanliness religiously'. Even with its multiple advantages, former guests have pointed out that it still needs improvements in clean amenities like mattress and needs to address its pest problems. Victoria Club Hotel Victoria Club Hotel is situated near the sea beach at Puri and that has been one of its several key features that customers love. It is a nice and cheap hotel with rooms that cost Rs. 700 per night making it ideal for those travelling on a budget. According to former customers, the hotel's cleanliness and service have been its high point. One customer has even attributed cleanliness to be the 'key factor' that helped in making the choice. The only hitch in this popular hotel is the deteriorating condition of room maintenance and the apathetic behaviour of housekeeping staff. Coco Palms Puri This is one of the top 3 star luxury hotels in Puri that is situated near the Swargadwar beach. The hotel boasts of several amazing facilities though staying here will cost you upwards of Rs. 4414 per room. This is one of those 'luxury hotels near the beach' that customers are always looking for plus it also has a stretch of private beach which is again a big plus. Needless to say, the service and ambience here are top notch with several guests validating that in their reviews. Even then, the property is not without its share of problems. Guests have focussed on its lack of proper housekeeping and maintenance as one of the hotel's negative points. Some have even pointed out that it is too pricey and not exactly a great 'value for money' hotel in Puri. Mayfair Heritage Mayfair Heritage is another one from the popular breed of 'Luxury hotels near beach' kind. It is a 4 star property in Puri and its location is Chakratirtha Road. The cost of rooms for a night is Rs. 8402 The hotel's great location near the beach and its easy access to major landmarks such as the railway station make it a good place to stay. Other than that guests have praised its service standards and its ambience the most. The hotel also offers individual cottages which again are a huge hit among couples. The only contention that several former customers have is that the property is too 'pricey' and the rates are exorbitant plus there are several maintenance issues too that customers have pointed out. Hotel Holiday Resort Hotel Holiday Resort is one of the best mid-budget hotels in Puri that will cost you upwards of Rs. 2491 per room. The hotel is situated right opposite the Puri sea beach making it one of the 'hot properties' in Puri. Guests have praised its location and its prices making it a great 'value for money' hotel in Puri. There also has been special mention for its great quality of food at its in-house restaurant. On the flip side, several guests have pointed out its small size of rooms and its service to be 'below expectations' Ananya Resorts Annanya Resorts is situated on VIP road, Puri and is another popular mid-budget hotel with room rates from Rs. 2863. The hotel has been praised by its former customers for its great food and its cleanliness that has impressed many patrons. Guests consider the hotel to be a great 'value for money' hotel in Puri. The only complaints that guests have are its slow room service and location that is neither close to the main temple nor to the beach Toshali Sands Situated on the Puri-Konark Marine Drive, Toshali Sands is one of the premier luxury resorts in the area. With prices starting from Rs. 2987, the resort promises a great experience with its private beach and ambience. Guests appreciated its service standards and awesome rooms but rue the fact that it is located 8kms away from the town of Puri. Former customers also point out that it is not a real 'value-for-money' hotel and needs maintenance in some areas. Lee Garden Hotel Hotel Lee Garden is a popular budget hotel that is situated on VIP road, Puri. The hotel has nice rooms that will cost you upwards of Rs. 1182 for a nights stay. Former guests have praised the 'well trained' service staff, the food at Chungwa (in-house restaurant) and for being a budget friendly hotel with all needed facilities. The only hitch is its location as the beach is almost 3.5kms away and the Jagannath Temple is 1kms away. Puri Golden Sands Puri Golden Sands Hotel is situated in Baliapanda in Puri and is a popular mid-budget hotel. The room rates start from Rs. 2614 and it has well furnished rooms on offer. The hotel has been appreciated for its great service and their staffs have been pointed out for special praise by former customers. Considered to a balanced deal in Puri, customers have praised it for being a value for money resort. The hotel's location is its greatest drawback as it is situated almost 9kms from the main beach at Puri. On the flipside, there is a stretch of lonely beach exactly opposite the property. Customers have also pointed out that its rooms need maintenance. Hotel Gandhara Hotel Gandhara is a nice 2 star mid budget hotel in Puri situated on the Chakratirtha Road. The hotel has nice rooms with costs starting from Rs. 3170 per night. Guests have praised it for its cleanliness and its location which is exactly opposite the main beach. Though it is another of those 'value for money' hotels, former guests would also like to point out its failings in the form of 'unhelpful' staff and issues with advance booking.
TOP 10 HOTELS IN PURI - AS VOTED BY CUSTOMERS (2015) content media
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May 23, 2022
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Business owners must soon accept that we now live in a digital world. That means they should start using digital means if they want their products and services to be noticed. The latest trend in marketing and promotions is the use of LCD digital menu boards. If you are not familiar with this relatively new form of advertising, it is simply the digital version of the menu boards we grew up with. So what's wrong with the old menu boards? Nothing really but things changes, the world spins and everything in it revolves. So those that resist change will soon be left behind. Say goodbye to boring ads If you own a restaurant or a bar, then it is a must for you to start using LCD digital menu boards. The system offers plenty of benefits. Of course, the obvious one is the fact that this cutting edge medium is more attractive than conventional ones. Digital menu Boards uk They simple grab attention especially if you are using an animated content. You know that the lifeblood of your business is your customers. Without them, you will not exist. This is why you should make sure that you are attracting customers into your shop. And one of the best ways to do it is to present your products and services in a creative way. LCD digital menu boards allow people to be as creative as they want to be. Say goodbye to boring ads because now there are LCD systems that can help you have attention-grabbing ads. Things you need to know LCD digital boards usually consist of two basic parts and these are the LCD screen and the player. Depending on your needs, you can choose a system with a normal size screen or you can have a huge one that measures hundreds of inches. If you have a small business, then do not get too excited. Maybe one LCD screen is enough for you for the meantime. If you're enterprise is starting to get back, then you can consider going for a multi-screen system that can be controlled remotely through Wi-Fi. When it comes to players, get one that is reliable. After all, you can consider these players as the heart of every digital board system. Your menu boards simply won't work if you don't have a player or if your player is defective. The use of LCD digital menu boards is quickly becoming the standard in advertising. So if you have not tried this system before, then it is highly recommended that you do so ASAP.
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